About the Schemes
The Community and Rural Development Department implements different programmes and schemes for economic and social development of the people in rural areas of the State. The aims and objectives of the programmes and schemes are alleviation of poverty, generation of employment, creation of durable community, social and economic assets and providing social security for the rural people and general development to uplift the economic condition of people living in rural areas. The schemes implemented by the department are as follows:-
Centrally Sponsored Schemes
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
The Act gives legal guarantee of a hundred days of wage employment in a financial year to each household whose adult members demand for employment and are willing to do unskilled manual work. The State in 2011 had created a society namely, the State Rural Employment Society (SRES) headed by the Mission Director and assisted by Additional Mission Director, Joint Mission Director and officers and staffs at the State level to manage, oversee and monitor the overall implementation of the scheme. The society has its units at the district and block level also.
Convergence works between MGNREGA with schemes of other line departments like Fisheries Department, Social Welfare Department, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Department, etc. are being taken up in order to ensure creation of durable assets and sustainable livelihood assets.
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G)
The scheme aims at providing pucca houses to all the houseless households and households living in kutcha and dilapidated houses in rural areas. The unit cost of assistance is Rs.1,30,000/- per house. Fund under the programme is borne by the Central and State Government on a 90:10 sharing basis. Additionally, the PMAY-G beneficiaries are provided benefits of 95 persondays of wage employment under MGNREGA, toilets under MGNREGA or SBM, free electricity connection under Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDU-GJY), Drinking water under National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP), free LPG connection under Pradhan mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY).
Houseless households and households living in kutcha and dilapidated houses in rural areas whose name are included in the Permanent Waitlist (PWL) prepared on the basis of SECC 2011 data and verified by the village authorities and the BDOs are eligible for assistance under this scheme.
National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
NRLM aims to uplift the rural people by reducing poverty and building strong institutions of the poor particularly organising women into Self Help Groups (SHGs) so as to enable the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities to improve their livelihoods on a sustainable basis. Fund under the programme is borne by the Central and State Government on a 90:10 basis. This programme is being implemented in mission mode in the State. For the purpose of implementation of the scheme, an autonomous society in the name of Meghalaya State Rural Livelihood Society (MSRLS) was created in 2012. The society is headed by the Chief Executive Officer who is assisted by the Chief Operating Officer, State Mission Manager, State Project Managers and the support staff. District Mission Management Units (DMMU) were set up at district level for implementation of the scheme. At the Block level, the programme is implemented through the Block Mission Management Unit (BMMU). NRLM is also converged with other schemes of line department like Social Welfare Department, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Department, etc.
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
DDU-GKY focuses to enhance skill development of rural youth and provide them with jobs having regular monthly wages at or above the minimum wage. All rural youths between the age group of 18 to 35 years are eligible for enrolling under the scheme. However, the maximum age for the special category, such as Women Candidates belonging to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), Persons with Disability (PwD) Transgenders and other Special Groups like rehabilitated bonded labour, victims of trafficking, manual scavengers, HIV positive persons, etc. is 45 years. The candidate from BPL families, MGNREGA worker households with at least 15 days work in previous financial year by any of its family members, RSBY Card households, BPL PDS cards households, household where a family member is a member of SHG under NRLM and family under auto inclusion parameters as per SECC, 2011 are eligible for enrollment under the scheme. Candidates are enrolled through Block Coordinators at the Block Level or through Districts Project Managers at the District level especially during the mobilization camps where the Project Implementation Agencies (PIAs) also participate. Candidates are selected after an aptitude test conducted by the PIAs at the Block level. Fund under the programme is borne by the Central and State Government on a 90:10 sharing basis. The scheme is being looked after by the State Institute of Rural Development, Nongsder Ribhoi District as the Nodal Agency.
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)
RGSA aims at building capabilities of Panchayati Raj Institutions to deliver on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).The Focus areas of RGSA are to ensure Basic orientation training for the Elected Representatives (ERs) of Panchayats, and Strengthening of the Panchayat – SHG partnership. Fund under the programme is borne by the Central and State Government on a 90:10 basis. Under this scheme Village Development Plan (VDP) for the villages are prepared for taking up various projects in the village.
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
NSAP aims to provide social security in case of old age, maternity, disability and death of a breadwinner. It has four components viz, Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS), Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS) and National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS). The State contributes a top up amount in the form of “State Contribution” to the pension amount already provided by the Government of India. NSAP is primarily applicable to the BPL persons. However, poor and deserving people are also enrolled under the scheme even though their name does not figure out in the BPL List based on field verification.
Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) :IGNOAPS provides pension to persons attaining the age of 60 years or above. For beneficiaries below 80 years, the rate of pension is Rs.750/- per month per beneficiary and for beneficiaries of 80 years and above, the rate of pension is Rs.800/- per month per beneficiary.
Indira Gandhi National Widows Pension Scheme (IGNWPS) : IGNWPS provides pension to widow between 40-79 years of age @ Rs.750/- per month per beneficiary.
Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS) :IGNDPS provides pension to person with severe or multiple disabilities between the age of 18-79 years @ Rs.750/- per month per beneficiary.
National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) : NFBS provides a onetime financial assistance of Rs.20,000/- to families on the death of a primary bread winner between the age of 18-59 years.
Application in prescribed form for benefits under NSAP can be submitted to the C&RD Block office/Municipal Board office.
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
SAGY aims at instilling certain values in the villages and their people so that they get transformed into model for others by leveraging the leadership, capacity, commitment and energy of the Members of Parliament (MP) to develop model Gram Panchayats. Villages under the scheme are selected by the MPs of the State.
Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)
PMAGY aims to ensure integrated development of the selected villages with more than 50% SC population so that there is adequate infrastructure necessary for the socio-economic development and improvement in Socio-Economic Indicators so that the disparity between SC and non-SC population is eliminated. Integrated development of selected villages will be achieved primarily through implementation of the existing schemes of Central and State Governments in a convergent manner. Gap filling funding will be provided for meeting special requirements of the village with an expectation of convergence of at least three to four times of ‘Gap-filling’ fund from existing Central/State Schemes. In the State of Meghalaya, 4 (four) villages viz, Kalatek and Kalibari villages both in East Khasi Hills District, Daspara village in South West Garo Hills District and Milanpur in West Garo Hills District were selected by the GoI under the Phase – II.
Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAAGY)
PMAAGY is a revamped scheme of the previous scheme of Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub-Scheme (SCA to TSS). The scheme will be implemented during the years 2021-22 to 2025-26. The scheme will cover villages having at least 50 % ST population and 500 ST persons. It will support creation and improvement of infrastructure facilities in identified villages in priority sectors like health and nutrition, drinking water and sanitation, education, road and telecom / mobile connectivity.
State Sector Schemes
Special Rural Works Programme (SRWP)
The Programme envisages active involvement of Village Community in the process of development right from the grass root level up to the implementing stages which is in consonance with the policy programme of the Government of India. The programme is of general in nature and the scheme/projects/beneficiaries are selected by the Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) and implemented through the local durbar of villages and NGOs. From 2020-21, the amount under the programme has been enhanced from Rs.2.00 crore to Rs.2.50 crore per rural constituency and from Rs.1.00 crore to Rs.1.25 crore per semi-rural constituency.
Normal C.D. Schemes
The type of Schemes undertaken under the programme are in the field of agriculture and land reclamation, health and sanitation, education, social education, animal husbandry including veterinary, industries including arts and crafts and rural roads. The schemes are directly implemented by the blocks. Each Block has a Block Development & Monitoring Committee (BDMC) to scrutinize and approve the schemes. The objective of the CD Scheme is to bring about general development and upliftment of the socio-economic life of the rural people so as to foster the community spirit among the communities in the developmental process.