About the Schemes
The Community and Rural Development Department implements different programmes and schemes for economic and social development of the people in rural areas of the State. The aims and objectives of the programmes and schemes are alleviation of poverty, generation of employment, creation of durable community, social and economic assets and providing social security for the rural people and general development to uplift the economic condition of people living in rural areas. The schemes implemented by the department are as follows:-
Centrally Sponsored Schemes
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
The Government of India passed the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 in September 2005. The Act gives legal guarantee of a hundred days of wage employment in a financial year for a rural household whose adult members are willing to do unskilled manual work. Implementation of the Act calls for the formulation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Schemes by the State Government. The State has notified the Scheme under the act, known as the Meghalaya Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme on July 28, 2006. The scheme marks a paradigm shift from all the earlier employment programmes. The scheme is being implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme on a cost sharing basis between Centre and State in the ratio of 90:10. As per instruction by the GOI, the State in 2011 had created a society namely the State Rural Employment Society (SRES) headed by the Mission Director to oversee the overall implementation of the scheme.
Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) / Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G)
It is a scheme aimed at providing low cost houses to SC/ST and freed bonded labourers living below poverty line, free of cost. Funds for the programme are shared by the Central and the State Govt. in the ratio of 90:10. Under the scheme, Rs.75,000/- per unit is assisted for construction of new houses. From 2016-2017, the scheme has been restructured to Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G) which aims at providing pucca houses to all houseless households and households living in kutcha and dilapidated houses in rural areas as per SECC 2011 data by 2022. The unit cost of assistance under the scheme is Rs.1.30 lakhs per house.
National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
N.R.L.M. is a scheme launched by the Government of India in 2011. The mission of the scheme is to reduce poverty by building strong institutions of the poor particularly organising women into Self Help Groups (SHGs) so as to enable the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities to improve their livelihoods on a sustainable basis. For implementation of the scheme, an autonomous society in the name of Meghalaya State Rural Livelihood Society (MSRLS) headed by the Chief Executive Officer was created in 2012. The programme is rolled out in four pilot blocks viz, Dalu C and R D Block, Rongram C and R D Block, Mairang C and R D Block and Mawkyrwat C and R D Block. During 2016-2017, implementation of the scheme has been expanded to 4 (four) blocks viz, Umsning, Mawkynrew, Resubelpara and Laskein C and R D block. Fund for the programme is shared by the Central and State Government in the ratio of 90:10.
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
DDU-GKY is a part of National Rural Livelihood Mission (N.R.L.M.). It aims to skill rural youths who are poor and provide them with jobs having regular monthly wages at or above the minimum wage. It is one of the initiatives of the Government of India that seeks to promote rural livelihoods. As a part of the Skill India campaign, it plays an instrumental role in supporting the social and economic programs of the government like the Make In India, Digital India, Smart Cities and Start-Up India, Stand-Up India campaigns. DDU-GKY takes pride in its partners and their ability to add value. Innovation from partners is encouraged to build scale and capacity… its unique implementation structure involves partners, who are by nature, committed to changing lives and are experts in their areas, they form a part of the Skilling Ecosystem integrated by DDU-GKY. Partners are supported through investment, capacity building, strategies for retention, linkages to international placement and technology support for training purposes.The scheme is implemented by SIRD.
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission
The Government of India has launched a new programme known as Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission, with an objective to stimulate local economic development, enhance basic services and create well planned Rurban clusters. Chisim Apal cluster in North Garo Hills district was approved by the Government of India as the first phase in 2015-16. The first phase will have different developmental activities @ Rs.50.00 crores out of which Rs.15.00 crores is being supported by Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) as a Critical Gap Funding. Two more clusters have been approved for phase Ii, namely Mawlangwir in South West Khasi Hills and Sohkha in West Jaintia Hills District.
National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)
The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) was launched by the Government of India from 15th August 1995. It has four components, viz: Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), Indira Gandhi National Widows Pension Scheme (IGNWPS), Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS) and National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS).
Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) : The Scheme provides financial assistance to the BPL persons attaining the age of 60 years or above, @ Rs.500/- per month per beneficiary and for those who have attained the age of 80 years and above @ Rs. 550/- per month per beneficiary.
Indira Gandhi National Widows Pension Scheme (IGNWPS) : Under Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS) beneficiary should be a BPL widow between 40-79 years of age and the ceiling for assistance is Rs.500 per month per beneficiary.
Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS) : Under Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS) beneficiary should be BPL with severe or multiple disabilities between the age of 18-79 years and the ceiling for assistance is Rs.500 per month per beneficiary.
National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) : The scheme provides a onetime assistance for extending financial assistance to below poverty line families on the death of a primary bread winner between the age of 18-59 years for Rs.20,000/-.
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
The Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (S.A.G.Y.) was launched on the 11th October 2014 by the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. SAGY aims at instilling certain values in the villages and their people so that they get transformed into models for others. Meghalaya has taken the initiative to implement the Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana in the State. The scheme is implemented by SIRD. Initially, 3 GPs were selected by the 3 Members of Parliament (MPs) representing Meghalaya.The GPs are:-
- Chengalma GP Village under Resulbepara C and R D Block in North Garo Hills District as selected by Mr. Purno A. Sangma, M.P Lok Sabha
- Shangpung GP under Laskein C and R D Block in West Jaintia Hills District as selected by Mr. Vincent H. Pala
- Iewrynghep GP under Mawkynrew C and R D Block in East Khasi Hills District as selected by Ms. Wansuk Syiem.
- Nongbah Myrdon village under Umsning C and R D Block in Ri Bhoi District was also selected as a model village by Mr. KTS Tulsi, a nominated member to the Rajya Sabha.
State Sector Schemes
Special Rural Works Programme (SRWP)
The programme envisages active involvement of village community in the process of development right from the grass root level upto the implementing stages which is in consonance with the policy programme of the Government. The schemes are of general in nature and are selected by the members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) and implemented through the local dorbars of villages.
Chief Minister’s Special Rural Development Fund (CMSRDF)
The primary objective of the programme is to generate wage employment and creation of socially and economically useful public assets by involving peoples participation at the grassroot level. The schemes undertaken in the programme are varied in nature and are selected by the Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) and NGOs and are implemented through local durbars and beneficiaries organization under the supervision of respective Deputy Commissioners of the District.
Chief Minister Blacktopping Of Rural Roads Scheme (CMBTRRS)
Government of Meghalaya has taken the initiative to converge with the MGNREGA to construct durable roads in rural areas under the Scheme "Blacktopping of Rural Roads Scheme (BTRRS)". The scheme aims to black top the kuccha roads taken up under MGNREGA in the VECs. From 2017-18, the scheme will be implemented as Chief Minister’s Blacktopping of Rural Roads Scheme under Sustainable Development and convergence initiative. The expenditure for blacktopping has been enhanced to Rs.30.00 lakhs per Kilometre.
Normal C.D. Schemes
The type of Schemes undertaken under the programme are in the field of agriculture and land reclamation, health and sanitation, education, social education, animal husbandry including veterinary, industries including arts and crafts and rural roads. The schemes are directly implemented by the blocks. The schemes are scrutinized and approved by the Block Development and Monitoring Committee (BDMC). The objective of the CD Scheme is to bring about general development and upliftment of the socio-economic life of the rural people so as to foster the community spirit among the communities in the developmental process.